Have you ever heard of suckless1? I think I stumbled onto suckless sometime while reading K. Mandla2, though there’s a reasonable chance it might have happened before then. suckless immediately resonated with me because of their philosophy3. Their software also looks good, very accurately reflecting the idea of minimalism4; often requiring you to rethink how you typically interact with software to do what you want to do. Sometimes this process of re-evaluation is fruitful, sometimes maybe less so, but it’s always interesting to experience. They have their own Linux distribution, called stali5 which I really recommend reading about. I’ve found a couple of other distributions that are similar in various ways: CRUX6, Tiny Core Linux7 and Morpheus8. Morpheus in particular looks to be faithful to the suckless way. I think CRUX and Tiny Core Linux are both full GNU stacks, so they’re less interesting to me personally, but if I struggle to be productive with the more experimental stali and Morpheus, then I wouldn’t hesitate to give them a try.
There are multiple facets to minimalism. Morpheus and stali both adopt non-GNU tools like musl9, sbase10 and ubase11. (Though stali doesn’t officially adopt all of these yet.) I like the idea of this, because GNU tools are often huge, complicated pieces of software with all kinds of support, sometimes for legacy systems that are practically ancient. The idea is also novel to me. I had simply never considered using a runtime libc other than glibc before. Clang isn’t new, so the idea of using a non-GNU compiler isn’t quite as novel, but in practice it’s still not common. Have you ever thought about the organization of a Linux distribution? Prior to reading about stali, I hadn’t. Linux distributions ship with dynamic libraries in common locations and programs are built to dynamically load these libraries at runtime. This can cause some problems:
- Programs can, ironically, be larger because they are now requiring all APIs in a given dynamic library even if they only use a small subset.
- You have to build your program with a compatible compiler and with the proper library versions.
Armed with this new knowledge, I’m really curious to try building statically linked programs with a non-GCC compiler using something other than glibc. Tiny C Compiler (TCC)12 caught my eye, but I had issues doing what I wanted. I can’t recall exactly what I encountered. I also gave Clang a whirl13 but that similarly didn’t want to work for me. I did get something going with musl and GCC14, but that’s clearly just a piece of what I want.
Okay, sorry, minimalism. Another aspect here is system initialization. I guess there’s a conflict in the
larger Linux community over systemd. I’ve never really been curious about init systems before and my only
prior exposure was invoking
service [start|stop|restart] .... When I
started exploring Manjaro Linux, I also saw two variants (regardless of the specific desktop environment
being included): with systemd or with openrc. I had no idea what that meant at the time, so I didn’t
learn anything from it. suckless link to information about systemd on their stali page and I learned a lot
from that. I can’t say I actively dislike systemd because it’s in my Arch installation and it appears to be
working well enough. However, I’m now curious about alternative init systems and especially in trying to pare
things down to their simplest minimal subset. suckless have sinit and all the distributions I linked above
use something other than systemd.
So all of these things are very interesting to me and I’ve been downloading images and trying to use alternative Linux systems for just the tiniest amount of time now. It’s a learning experience for sure. Both Morpheus and stali lack less, more and various other tools I’ve come to rely on. We’ll see how things continue.
2Motho ke motho ka botho
4Lessism Over Minimalism
7Tiny Core Linux
12Tiny C Compiler
13How to compile C apps with musl and Clang
14GCC + musl